History of Amritsar
Foundation of Amritsar
Mughal Era in History of Amritsar
It was after many years that Amritsar regained its status with the Khalsa leaders doing the best in their capability for the betterment of the city. The city saw spacious areas being built which consisted of houses, gardens, markets where people gathered in large numbers. It was during this time that the town came to be known as Amritsar from its earlier historic name Ramdaspur. Gradually, Amritsar witnessed expansion as now there was security, space and a lifestyle one could follow in this city.
British Era in History of Amritsar
It was during the sacred festival of Baisakhi when Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh were shot dead in a mere span of ten minutes. This bloodshed is still marked in the parts of the site where you can even today see bullet marks from the firings. This however was never forgotten and led to much unrest in the city. The anger did not die down and the British military force was looked upon with much wrath.
History of Amritsar Post Partition
Anti-Muslim riots took place in Amritsar which brought major unrest among the people who fled in no time to another land. Lahore too faced the same unrest with many Hindus and Sikhs leaving everything behind and moving to Amritsar. The trauma of partition made a deep mark in the lives of those who suffered. The country got freedom from the British but the level of communal violence led to one incident after the other with lives lost for no reason.
Amritsar’s history also tracks back to terrorism which had led to a major downfall of the city. Gun shots became a common thing here and people were scared to leave their households. Under the governance of Indira Gandhi, India’s Prime Minister in 1984, Operation Blue Star took place, the events of which are debated till date. The purpose was to evacuate Sikh militants from Golden Temple, Amritsar.
The same was conducted but the result saw major criticism and a rise of a whole new level of violence. Later, the Sikh bodyguards of the Prime Minister assassinated her, post which thousands of Sikhs were killed. The historical significance of this event was not only of a severe impact in Amritsar but major parts of India including New Delhi. Sikhs were cornered everywhere and shot leading to uncontrollable riots.